Joaquim BRANDAO DE CARVALHO

jbrandao [at] univ-paris8.fr
Fonction : 
Professeur
Équipe de rattachement : 
Phonologie, interfaces et modélisation
Thèmes de recherche : 

My research activities are conducted with a focus on three key divides that run through the field of phonology:

1.         Structure / melody

Following a long-term research which aims at reducing a number of phonological categories, such as laryngeal and sonority features, to structure, I am exploring the borderline between structure and melodic material. After having obtained interesting results in the field of phonotactic constraints on consonantal clusters in an article published in 2017, I am currently extending this research to the particular cases of complex onsets (why are tl-onsets disfavoured?) and vowel harmony (joint work with Noam Faust).

2.         Representation / computation

Another topic has recently become a privileged theme of research: to what extent can phonological theory ultimately conciliate representations and computation? Following on from Kiparsky's (1993) "Blocking in Non-derived environments", I assume that phonology is inherently representational insofar as the inner workings of the phonological module are considered; only interaction between phonology and morphosyntax (through affixation, sandhi, etc.) can yield derivation. This line of research was summarized in an article published in 2021, and will be pursued in close association with a second question: can representational approaches eliminate the need for opaque derivations, and thus for serial theories?

3.         Weight / timing

A third research activity deals with how phonological representations must and can disentangle weight from length, thereby unifying the contributions of moraic phonology and of the theories of the X-skeleton from the 1980s. This study will be conducted with a focus on Romance stress systems, especially Portuguese and Spanish.

Some representative articles of these last ten years are listed (and can be downloaded) below.


 

Enseignements : 

J'enseigne la phonologie en licence et en master.

Publications représentatives : 

Carvalho, J. Brandão de, 2021. [With D. Passino & T. Scheer.] Syllable structure and (re)syllabification. In C. Gabriel, R. Gess & T. Meisenburg (ed.), Manual of Romance phonetics and phonology. Berlin: Mouton-De Gruyter, 89-126. https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110550283-003

Carvalho, J. Brandão de, 2021. Representation vs derivation: The case for a modular view of phonology. Radical: A journal of phonology 1, 292-327.

Carvalho, J. Brandão de, 2020. Entre phonologie et lexique : l'alternance schwa/è en français. Le français moderne 2020, 211-220.

Carvalho, J. Brandão de, 2017b. Je ll’ai vu: Perception-driven allomorphic optimization of French l'. Probus, International Journal of Romance Linguistics 29, 47-66. https://doi.org/10.1515/probus-2017-0009

Carvalho, J. Brandão de, 2017a. Deriving sonority from the structure, not the other way round: A Strict CV approach to consonant clusters. The Linguistic Review 34, 589-614. https://doi.org/10.1515/tlr-2017-0012

Carvalho, J. Brandão de, 2014, C/V interactions in Strict CV. In S. Bendjaballah, N. Faust, M. Lahrouchi & N. Lampitelli (ed.), The form of structure, the structure of form. Essays in honor of Jean Lowenstamm. Amsterdam : John Benjamins, 123-138.

Carvalho, J. Brandão de, 2013, Why there is no backness : the case for dismissing both [coronal] and [dorsal]. In J.-L. Léonard & S. Naïm (ed.), Backness and backing. Munich : Lincom, 45-58.

Carvalho, J. Brandão de, 2013, Représentations versus contraintes : explications formelles et substantielles en phonologie. In A. Tifrit (dir.), Phonologie, morphologie, syntaxe. Mélanges offerts à Jean-Pierre Angoujard. Rennes : Presses Universitaires de Rennes, 143-156.

Carvalho, J. Brandão de, 2011, Contrastive hierarchies, privative features, and Portuguese vowels. Linguística : Revista de Estudos Linguísticos da Universidade do Porto 6, 51-66.