Phonologie, interfaces et modélisation


This team is comprised of researchers working on phonology from a generative theoretical perspective, although within diverse frameworks such as Optimality Theory, Government Phonology, and syntactic approaches to phonology. Their empirical fields cover a wide range of linguistic areas, in particular Romance and Afroasiatic languages.

Members: Joaquim Brandão de Carvalho, Noam Faust, Mohamed Lahrouchi, Giorgio Magri, Michela Russo, Francesc Torres-Tamarit (détaché support recherche Ramón y Cajal 5 ans Universitat de Barcelona [2027]), Sophie Wauquier, Jean-Louis Aroui.

PhD students:

Matilde Accattoli (Direction Joaquim Brandão de Carvalho, codirection Fabio Montermini CLLE/CNRS U. Toulouse 2)

Magd Al-Hjouj (Direction Mohamed Lahrouchi, codirection Noam Faust. Thèse soutenue le 9/7/2022)

Antoine Heintzmann (Direction Michela Russo, codirection Thomas Pellard CRLAO, CNRS/Inalco, Paris)

Alireza Jaferian (Direction Mohamed Lahrouchi)

Kebin Liang (Direction Michela Russo, codirection Luo Xiaoliang U. Paris)

Karmaly Sajjad (Direction Mohamed Lahrouchi, codirection Noam Faust)

Anne Borges da Silva (Direction Joaquim Brandão de Carvalho)

Vincent Surrel (Direction Michela Russo, codirection Frédéric Duval École Nationale des Chartes, Paris. Thèse soutenue le 5/10/2022)

Louivael Vallaubrun (Direction Sophie Wauquier, codirection Rénauld Govain U. d'État Haiti)



Phonological acquisition, phonological representations, phonological computation, templates, interfaces, prosody, Optimality Theory, Government Phonology, Romance languages, Afroasiatic languages.


Current lines of research

1. Phonology, prosody and morphology

This line of research focuses on how segmental phonology interacts with prosodic structure, giving rise to a finite set of phonological domains. This includes stress systems, cliticization, fortition/lenition, metaphony and the role of templates and suprasegmental constituents. Attention is also paid to phonological (micro)variation, notably in Romance and endangered languages.

2. Phonology-morphosyntax interface

Another topic studied by our team is related to the interface between phonology and morphosyntax. Assuming a modular organization of grammar, we focus on how extra-phonological information affects morpheme realization, through allomorphy and the linear order of morphemes.

3. Representations and computation in phonology

The relationship between representations and computation is another privileged theme of research. We explore to what extent representations may replace (i) derivation in morpheme-internal phonology, and (ii) opaque derivations in cross-morpheme phonology, thus ruling out serial approaches. In sum, can phonological theory ultimately conciliate representations and computation within a parallel constraint-based framework?

4. Probabilistic models of phonology

This line of research aims at defining adequate probabilistic models of phonological systems. How do linguistic structures emerge from infinite probabilistic typologies? Which theory of linguistic universals better fits probabilistic frameworks? This approach also addresses the development of learning algorithms within such frameworks.

5. Phonological acquisition and psycholinguistics

We finally investigate how phonology is acquired by L1 and L2 learners. Specific topics include liaison in French, acquisition of determinatives in Haitian and Martiniquan French-based creoles. Another relevant issue concerns the psycholinguistic plausibility of consonantal roots in Berber.


Representative publications

Anttila, Arto, Scott Borgeson and Giorgio Magri. 2019. Equiprobable mappings in weighted constraint grammars. In SIGMORPHON 2019: Proceedings of the 16th SIGMORPHON Workshop on Computational Research in Phonetics, Phonology, and Morphology, 125-134. Association for Computational Linguistics.

Anttila, Arto and Giorgio Magri. 2018. Does MaxEnt overgenerate? Implicational universals in Maximum Entropy Grammar. In Gillian Gallagher, Maria Gouskova and Sora Yin (eds), AMP 2017: Proceedings of the 2017 Annual Meeting on Phonology, 1-12. Washington, DC: Linguistic Society of America.

Bonet, Eulàlia & Francesc Torres-Tamarit. 2022. Typologically exceptional phenomena in Romance phonology. In Martin Maiden & Adam Ledgeway (eds.), The Cambridge Handbook of Romance Linguistics, 292-318. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

Brandão de Carvalho, Joaquim. 2022.  -s e -z em português: segmento idêntico mas estrutura diferente. Letrônica 29. OnLine.

Brandão de Carvalho, Joaquim, Diana Passino and Tobias Scheer. 2021. Syllable structure and (re)syllabification. In C. Gabriel, R. Gess & T. Meisenburg (ed.), Manual of Romance phonetics and phonology. 89-126. Berlin: Mouton-De Gruyter.

Brandão de Carvalho, Joaquim. 2021. Representation vs derivation: The case for a modular view of phonology. Radical: A journal of phonology 1, 292-327.

Brandão de Carvalho, Joaquim. 2020. Entre phonologie et lexique : l'alternance schwa/è en français. Le français moderne 1-2: 211-220.

Brandão de Carvalho, Joaquim. 2019 (avec A. Jatteau). Rhotics in Phonological Theory. Glossa, Special collection.

Brandão de Carvalho, Joaquim. 2018. Je ll’ai vu: perception-driven allomorphic optimization of French l’. Probus 29: 47-66.

Brandão de Carvalho, Joaquim. 2017. Deriving sonority from the structure, not the other way round: a Strict CV approach to consonant clusters. The Linguistic Review 34: 589-614.

Brandão de Carvalho, Joaquim. 2014. C/V interactions in Strict CV. In Sabrina Bendjaballah, Noam Faust, Mohamed Lahrouchi and Nicola Lampitelli (eds), The form of structure, the structure of form: essays in honor of Jean Lowenstamm, 123-138. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.

Cabré, Teresa & Torres-Tamarit, Francesc (eds.). 2021. Recursivity in phonology. Catalan Journal of Linguistics 20.

Cabré, Teresa, Francesc Torres-Tamarit & Maria del Mar Vanrell. 2021.  Hypocoristic truncation in Sardinian. Linguistics 59(3): 683-714.

De Sisto, Mirella & Francesc Torres-Tamarit. 2020. The prosodification of possessive enclitics in Airola and Boiano. Moderna Språk 113(3): 198-225.

Faust, Noam. 2022. Markedness and Non-Concatenative Morphology: papers in honor of Outi Bat-El. Special issue of Radical: A Journal of Phonology. 

Esher Louise, Guérin Maximilien, Quint Nicolas, Russo Michela (éd.). 2021. Le Croissant linguistique entre oc, oïl et francoprovençal, Des mots à la grammaire, des parlers aux aires. Paris : L’Harmattan. Ouvrage publié dans le cadre de l’ANR (Projet–ANR–17–CE27–0001) Le Croissant linguistique : une approche multidisciplinaire du contact oc–oïl.

Faust, Noam & Andrew Nevins.  2019. Roots in Context. Special issue of The Linguistic Review. 

Bat-El, Outi, Faust, Noam, & Evan-Gary Cohen. 2019. Modern Hebrew Phonology. Special issue of Brill’s Annual of Afro-asiatic language and linguistics 11 (1).

Faust, Noam and Eitan Grossman. To appear. A short grammar of Nuer. In Bedilu Wakjira, Ronny Meyer, Yvonne Treis and Zelealem Leyew (eds), The Oxford Handbook of Ethiopian Languages.

Faust, Noam &  Nicola Lampitelli. To appear. Root and Pattern Morphology in Semitic – and beyond. In The Wiley-Blackwell Companion to Morphology.

Faust, Noam. 2021. Size, allomorphy and guttural-final stems in Modern Hebrew. In Heather Newell and Shanti Ulfsbjorninn (eds.), Phonological solutions to morphological problems. The Linguistic Review 32: 25-44.

Faust, Noam. To appear. Avoidance of unintended repetition. In The Wiley-Blackwell Companion to Morphology

Faust, Noam & Si Berrebi. 2022. To the future and back: New aspects of Modern Hebrew imperative truncation. In Faust, Noam (ed.) Markedness and Non-Concatenative Morphology: Papers in honor of Outi Bat-ElRadical: A journal of phonology 4, 293-328.

Faust, Noam & Mohamed Lahrouchi. 2022. Asymmetric inflection in Berber: The view from Gender. Brill's Journal of Afroasiatic Languages and Linguistics 14 (2): 1-16.

Faust, Noam & Ori Shachmon. 2021.  Avoidance of final monopositional vowels: evidence from the k-dialects of Yemen. Brill’s Annual of Afro-asiatic language and linguistics 13(2): 309-332.

Faust, Noam & Nicola Lampitelli. 2021. Virtual length and the two i’s of Qaraqosh Neo-Aramic. Journal of Semitic Studies 65(1), 35–60.

Faust, Noam. 2021. The /aa/ moment in Modern Hebrew. In Gabi Danon (ed.), Proceedings of IATL 35 (MITWPL 92): 43-58. 

Faust, Noam. 2021. Modern Hebrew Prefixoids: description and morpho-syntactic analysis. Morphology 32: 25-44.

Faust, Noam. 2021. Size, allomorphy and guttural-final stems in Modern Hebrew. In Heather Newell & Shanti Ulfsbjorninn (eds.),  Phonological Solutions to Morphological Problems, special issue of de The Linguistic Review 38(3), 327-347.

Faust, Noam. 2020. The inflection of Tigre weak-final and strong verbs. Acta Linguistica Academica Vol. 67 (2020) 1, 135–154.

Faust, Noam. 2019. Minding the gaps in the Wolane verbal System. Linguistique et Langues Africaines 569-88.

Faust, Noam. 2019. New reasons to root for the Semitic root from Mehri and Neo-Aramaic. The Linguistic Review 36: 575-599.

Faust, Noam. 2019. The complex link between length and lowering. Brill’s Annual of Afro-asiatic language and linguistics 11: 283–315.

Faust, Noam & Guillaume Enguehard. 2019. Nasalization and drawl in Central Yiddish. Proceedings of IATL 34. OnLine.

Faust, Noam and Shanti Ulfsbjorninn. 2018. Arabic stress in Strict CV, with no moras, no syllables, no feet and no extrametricality. The Linguistic Review 35: 561-600.

Faust, Noam and Guillaume Enguehard. 2018. Guttural ghosts in Modern Hebrew. Linguistic Inquiry 49: 685-721.

Faust, Noam. 2018. Exponence, allomorphy and haplology in the number and State morphology of Modern Hebrew. Glossa 3(1): 1-48. 

Gayraud, Frédérique, Melissa Barkat-Defradas, Mohamed Lahrouchi and Mahé Ben Hamed. 2018. Development of phonetic complexity in 4 languages: Berber, English, French and Tunisian Arabic. Canadian Journal of Linguistics/Revue Canadienne de Linguistique 63: 527-555.

Lampitelli, Nicola, Paolo Roseano & Francesc Torres-Tamarit. 2022. Vowel length in Friulian verbs: a case of mora affixation. Morphology 32(1): 93-120.

Lahrouchi, Mohamed & Shanti Ulfsbjorninn. 2022. Nasal assimilation counterfeeding and allomorphy in Haitian: Nothing is still something!. Linguistic Inquiry 1-32. doi:

Lahrouchi, Mohamed. 2022. Minimality, weight and melodic content: The view from French and Berber hypocoristics. Radical: A Journal of Phonology 3: 1-44.

Lahrouchi, Mohamed. 2020. Not as you R: Adapting the French rhotic into Berber. Glossa: a journal of general linguistics 51(1): 1-17. doi:10.5334/gjgl.874

Lahrouchi, Mohamed and Sophie Kern. 2018. From babbling to first words in Tashlhiyt language acquisition: longitudinal two-case studies. Canadian Journal of Linguistics/Revue Canadienne De Linguistique 63: 493-526.

Lahrouchi, Mohamed. 2018. The left edge of the word in the Berber derivational morphology. Glossa 3(1): 1-25.

Lahrouchi, Mohamed and Rachid Ridouane. 2016. On diminutives and plurals in Moroccan Arabic. Morphology 26: 453-475.

Lahrouchi, Mohamed. 2010. On the internal structure of Tashlhiyt Berber triconsonantal roots. Linguistic Inquiry 41: 255-285.

Magri, Giorgio and Benjamin Storme. (accepted). Constraint summation in phonological theory. Journal of Language Modelling.

Magri, Giorgio and Benjamin Storme. 2020. Calibration of the promotion amount does not help with learning variation in stochastic OT. Linguistic Inquiry 51: 97-123.

Martínez-Paricio, Violeta & Francesc Torres-Tamarit. 2019. Trisyllabic hypocoristics in Spanish and layered feet. Natural Language & Linguistic Theory 37(2): 659-691.

Magri, Giorgio. 2020. A principled derivation of Harmonic Grammar. In SCiL 2020: Proceedings of the third meeting of the Society for Computation in Linguistics; eds. Allyson Ettinger; Gaja Jarosz; and Max Nelson; Association for Computational Linguistics; pp. 179-188.

Magri, Giorgio. 2018. Implicational universals in stochastic constraint-based phonology. In Ellen Riloff, David Chiang, Julia Hockenmaier and Jun’ichi Tsujii (eds), EMNLP 2018: Proceedings of the 2018 Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural Language Processing, 3265-3274. Association for Computational Linguistics.

Magri, Giorgio. 2018. Idempotency, output-drivenness and the faithfulness triangle inequality: some consequences of McCarthy’s (2003) categoricity generalization. Journal of Logic, Language, and Information 27: 1-60. 

Martínez-Paricio, Violeta and Francesc Torres-Tamarit. 2019. Trisyllabic hypocoristics in Spanish and layered feet. Natural Language & Linguistic Theory 37: 659-691.

Mascaró, Joan, and Francesc Torres-Tamarit. 2022. Stress-dependent harmony in Asturian and harmony in situ. Language 98(4): 683-715.

Matushansky Ora,  Russo Michela, Roussarie Laurent, Soare Elena, Wauquier Sophie (éd.). 2022. Going Romance 2020 Proceedings, publiés dans The Romance Languages and Linguistic Theory (RLLT series: 17), editorinchief Haike Jacobs, Isogloss.

Pons-Moll, Clàudia, Ignasi Mascaró & Francesc Torres-Tamarit. (accepted). Prosodically-driven morpheme non-realization in the Minorcan Catalan DP. Linguistics

Pons-Moll, Clàudia & Francesc Torres-Tamarit. 2021. Catalan nativization patterns in the light of weighted scalar constraints. In Sergio Baauw, Frank Drijkoningen and Luisa Meroni (eds.), Romance Languages and Linguistic Theory 2018: Selected papers from ‘Going Romance’ 32, Utrecht, 206-223. Amsterdam & Philadelphia: Benjamins.

Rialland Annie / Russo Michela / Schnedecker Cathérine (éd.). à paraître 2023. Les langues régionales de France : nouvelles approches, nouvelles méthodologies, revitalisation.

Russo Michela & Jonathan Kasstan [à paraître 2023] Maintenance in shift: on nasalisation in transitional Franco–Provençal and Occitan area. In Annie Rialland / Michela Russo / Catherine Schnedecker (éd.). Les langues régionales de France : nouvelles approches, nouvelles méthodologies, revitalisation. Editions SLP (Société Linguistique de Paris).

Russo, Michela.   Invited chapter. éd. Lars Meyer (Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Leipzig) et Antje Strauss (University of Konstanz). Rhythms of Speech and Language. Cambridge University Press (CUP). Signed contract. (avec Fabrice Hirsch): Rhythm and Stuttering in Speech Perception and Production.

Russo, Michela  [à paraître 2023] (avec MarieJosé Dalbera Stefanaggi). La phonétique et la phonologie du corse. In Medori, Stella (éd.). Manuel de linguistique corse. In Manuals series of Romance Linguistics. Berlin: De Gruyter.

Russo, Michela (éd.) 2022. Nouvelles perspectives sur les langues romanes à l’interface de la grammaire. Regards sur la variation syntaxique, morphosyntaxique et phonologique ». LINX 84. Numéro en ligne :

Russo, Michela. 2022. Locality in phonology and the nature of Lenition. The Tuscan Gorgia and the Voicing of Intervocalic Stops in Tuscan Dialects, LINX 84.

Russo, Michela. 2022. Indefiniteness in FrancoProvençal. A real bare de? New hints from the consonantal liaison. Géolinguistique 22.

Russo, Michela. 2022. The grammar of uncountability in Southern Italo–Romance: nominal morphology and determiners. In: Nora Boneh, Daniel Harbour, Ora Matushansky et Isabelle Roy (éds.), in honor of Léa Nash. Building on Babel’s rubble. 94129. Collection Sciences du Langage. Presses Universitaires de Vincennes.

Russo, Michela (éd.) 2021. The Emergence of Grammars. A Closer Look at Dialects between Phonology and Morphosyntax. Series: Languages and Linguistics. New York: Nova Sciences.

Russo, Michela. 2021. The possessive enclitics with kinship nouns in ItaloRomance and the possessive determiners in the Francoprovençal of Faeto. Two syntactic linearizations? Zeitschrift für romanische Philologie 137.1, 1–35.

Russo, Michela (2021). Prosodie et Raddoppiamento Sintattico dans les séquences à (double) enclise dans les dialectes italiens.  L’Italia Dialettale, Vol. LXXXII, 179–224.

Russo, Michela & Laure Sahmaoui. 2021. tu ll’as vu ?  La gémination des proclitiques dans les langues de France. Journal LINX 82,

Russo, Michela & Shanti Ulfsbjorninn. 2021. Accounting for the definite articles in Medieval Italian and Modern Dialects: No allomorphy – a common UR. In: Russo, M. (éd.). The emergence of Grammars. A Closer Look at Dialects between phonology and morphosyntax. Nova Science Publishers. Inc.NY, 101 – 158.

Russo, Michela (avec Louise Esher, Maximilien Guérin et Nicolas Quint). 2021. Le Croissant, confins ou centre de gravité : une nouvelle frontière pour la linguistique galloromane », in Louise Esher, Maximilien Guerin, Nicolas Quint, Michela Russo (éds.) Le Croissant, confins ou centre de gravité : une nouvelle frontière pour la linguistique gallo-romane. Le Croissant linguistique entre oc, oïl et francoprovençal, Des mots à la grammaire, des parlers aux aires. Paris : L’Harmattan.

Russo, Michela. 2021. Les limites du Croissant dans l’Est francoprovençal (Forez) et dans le Nord occitan (Auvergne), in Louise Esher, Maximilien Guerin, Nicolas Quint, Michela Russo (éds.). Le Croissant linguistique entre oc, oïl et francoprovençal, Des mots à la grammaire, des parlers aux aires. Paris : L’Harmattan, 65106.

Russo, Michela & Jérémy Rouquier. 2021. Représentations et usages de l’occitan dans les calandretas du Béarn : une étude de cas. In Simone Pisano et al. (éd.), Plurilinguismo e Pianificazione linguistica. Alessandria : Edizioni dell’Orso, 155180.

Russo, Michela & Timothée Premat. 2021. Voyelles finales et traits–φ à la rencontre des diasystèmes d’oïl, d’oc et du francoprovençal. In : Jean Léo Léonard (éd.), numéro spécial de la revue Verbum (Presses Universitaires de Nancy), Université de Nancy II, Modélisation diasystémique et typologie, XLII(1–2), 177–234.

Russo, Michela and Shanti Ulfsbjorninn. 2020. Initial lenition and strength alternations (v/b) in Neapolitan: a laryngeal branchingness condition. Glossa 5(1): 1–27.

Russo, Michela &  Fabio Aprea. 2020. Identità linguistica di una lingua minoritaria alloglotta della Puglia (Italia meridionale): il francoprovenzale di Faeto. In Romito, Luciano et al. (éd.). Vol. 7, Studi AISV (Associazione Italiana Scienze della Voce) : La variazione linguistica in condizioni di contatto: contesti acquisizionali, lingue, dialetti e minoranze in Italia e nel mondo, Collana di Studi AISV (Associazione Italiana Scienze della Voce). Milano: Officinaventuno, 97–123.

Russo, Michela. 2019.Stress shift, stressed enclitics and Raddoppiamento Sintattico in Southern Italian dialects. In: Luciano Romito (éd.). Quaderni del Dipartimento di Linguistica Università della Calabria 27 (30 anni di Laboratorio di Fonetica). Roma: Aracne, 53–84.

Russo, Michela and Shanti Ulfsbjorninn. 2019. Phonological lenition and the inherent strength of the word-initial position: the view from Southern Italian dialects. Vox Romanica 78: 19-56.

Russo, Michela. 2019. Gli sviluppi palatalizzati e non palatalizzati di gl: il caso di *subgluttiare: nuovi indizi dalla Romania meridionale. L'Italia Dialettale LXXX (Special issue in honor of Max Pfister): 357-379.

Russo, Michela and Shanti Ulfsbjorninn. 2017. Breaking the symmetry of geminates in diachrony and synchrony. Papers in Historical Phonology 2: 164-202.

Russo, Michela. 2014. Metafonia rumena e metafonia italiana a confronto: un'unica catena anaforica armonizzante? Zeitschrift für Balkanologie 50: 46-69.

Shoemaker, Ellenor and Sophie Wauquier. 2019. The emergence of speech segmentation in adult L2 learners of French. Language, Interaction and Acquisition 10: 22-44.

Torres-Tamarit, Francesc. (To appear). Contrastive vowel length in Romance: how layered feet and uneven trochees interact. In Gabriela de la Cruz Sánchez, Ryan Walter Smith, Luis Irizarry, Tianyi Ni & Heidi Harley, Proceedings of the West Coast Conference on Formal Linguistics 39. Somerville, MA: Cascadilla.

Torres-Tamarit, Francesc. 2021. Blending and truncation. In Antonio Fábregas, Víctor Acedo-Matellán, Grant Armstrong, María Cristina Cuervo, Isabel Pujol (eds.), The Routledge Handbook of Spanish Morphology, 317-332. London: Routledge.

Torres-Tamarit, Francesc. Phonemic contrast and neutralization. 2019. In Fernando Martínez-Gil & Sonia Colina (eds.), The Routledge Handbook of Spanish Phonology, 3-33. London: Routledge.

Torres-Tamarit, Francesc & Eulàlia Bonet. 2019. Verb-clitic structures in Eivissan Catalan: Recursive prosodic words and allomorphy. Catalan Journal of Linguistics 18: 191-215.

Torres-Tamarit, Francesc and Clàudia Pons-Moll. 2019. Enclitic-induced stress shift in Catalan. Journal of Linguistics 55: 407-444.

Torres-Tamarit, Francesc. 2016. Servigliano revisited: an examination from constrained-based serialism. Journal of Linguistics 52: 689-708.

Torres-Tamarit, Francesc, Kathrin Linke and Marc van Oostendorp (eds). 2016. Approaches to metaphony in the languages of Italy. Berlin and Boston: Walter de Gruyter.

Torres-Tamarit, Francesc and Peter Jurgec. 2015. Lapsed derivations: ternary stress in Harmonic Serialism. Linguistic Inquiry 46: 376–387.

Torres-Tamarit, Francesc. 2015. Length and voicing in Friulian and Milanese: or why rule-free derivations are needed. Natural Language & Linguistic Theory 33: 1351-1386.

Ulfsbjorninn, Shanti and Mohamed Lahrouchi. 2016. The typology of the distribution of Edge: The propensity for bipositionality. Papers in Historical Phonology 1: 109-129.

Vanrell, Maria del Mar, Francesc Ballone, Teresa Cabré, Pilar Prieto, Carlo Schirru & Francesc Torres-Tamarit. 2020. Contacte lingüístic i entonació a Sardenya. In Gabriel, Christoph, Maria Selig & Andrea Peskova (eds.), Contact, variation, and change in Romance and beyond. Studies in honor of Trudel Meisenburg, 219-242. Berlin: Erich Schmidt Verlag.

Vanrell, Maria del Mar, Francesc Ballone, Teresa Cabré, Pilar Prieto, Carlo Schirru & Francesc Torres-Tamarit. 2020. La ricerca sull’intonazione del sardo: stato attuale e prospettive future. In Remberger, Eva-Maria, Maurizio Virdis & Birgit Wagner (eds.), Il sardo in movimento, 71-98. Göttingen: Vienna University Press / Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.

Vihman, Marilyn and Sophie Wauquier. 2018. Templates in child language. In Maya Hickmann, Edy Veneziano and Harriet Jisa (eds), Sources of variation in first language acquisition: languages, contexts, and learners, 27-44. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.

Wauquier, Sophie. 2014. Templates and representations in phonology: from Semitic to child language . In Sabrina Bendjaballah, Noam Faust, Mohamed Lahrouchi and Nicola Lampitell (eds.), The Form of Structure, the Structure of Form: essays in honor of Jean Lowenstamm, 219-234. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.

Wauquier, Sophie and Naomi Yamaguchi. 2013. French, description in a templatic approach. In Marilyn Vihman and Tamar Keren-Portnoy (eds), Readings in Phonological development, templatic approaches, cross-linguistic data, 317-343. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Zellou, Georgia, Lahrouchi, Mohamed & Karim Bensoukas (2022). Clear Speech in Tashlhiyt Berber: The perception of typologically uncommon word-initial contrasts by native and naive listeners. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 152(6): 3429-3443.