Phonologie, interfaces et modélisation

Description

This team is comprised of researchers working on phonology from a generative theoretical perspective, although within diverse frameworks such as Optimality Theory, Government Phonology, and syntactic approaches to phonology. Their empirical fields cover a wide range of linguistic areas, in particular Romance and Afroasiatic languages.

Members: Joaquim Brandão de Carvalho, Noam Faust, Mohamed Lahrouchi, Giorgio Magri, Michela Russo, Francesc Torres-Tamarit, Sophie Wauquier

PhD students: Matilde Accattoli, Magd Al-Hjouj, Jinwoo Cha, Alireza Jaferian, Kebin Liang, Elhem Néji, Timothée Premat, Anne Borges da Silva, Vincent Surrel, Louivael Vallaubrun

 

Keywords

Phonological acquisition, phonological representations, phonological computation, templates, interfaces, prosody, Optimality Theory, Government Phonology, Romance languages, Afroasiatic languages.

 

Current lines of research

1. Phonology, prosody and morphology

This line of research focuses on how segmental phonology interacts with prosodic structure, giving rise to a finite set of phonological domains. This includes stress systems, cliticization, fortition/lenition, metaphony and the role of templates and suprasegmental constituents. Attention is also paid to phonological (micro)variation, notably in Romance and endangered languages.

2. Phonology-morphosyntax interface

Another topic studied by our team is related to the interface between phonology and morphosyntax. Assuming a modular organization of grammar, we focus on how extra-phonological information affects morpheme realization, through allomorphy and the linear order of morphemes.

3. Representations and computation in phonology

The relationship between representations and computation is another privileged theme of research. We explore to what extent representations may replace (i) derivation in morpheme-internal phonology, and (ii) opaque derivations in cross-morpheme phonology, thus ruling out serial approaches. In sum, can phonological theory ultimately conciliate representations and computation within a parallel constraint-based framework?

4. Probabilistic models of phonology

This line of research aims at defining adequate probabilistic models of phonological systems. How do linguistic structures emerge from infinite probabilistic typologies? Which theory of linguistic universals better fits probabilistic frameworks? This approach also addresses the development of learning algorithms within such frameworks.

5. Phonological acquisition and psycholinguistics

We finally investigate how phonology is acquired by L1 and L2 learners. Specific topics include liaison in French, acquisition of determinatives in Haitian and Martiniquan French-based creoles. Another relevant issue concerns the psycholinguistic plausibility of consonantal roots in Berber.

 

Representative publications

Anttila, Arto, Scott Borgeson and Giorgio Magri. 2019. Equiprobable mappings in weighted constraint grammars. In SIGMORPHON 2019: Proceedings of the 16th SIGMORPHON Workshop on Computational Research in Phonetics, Phonology, and Morphology, 125-134. Association for Computational Linguistics.

Anttila, Arto and Giorgio Magri. 2018. Does MaxEnt overgenerate? Implicational universals in Maximum Entropy Grammar. In Gillian Gallagher, Maria Gouskova and Sora Yin (eds), AMP 2017: Proceedings of the 2017 Annual Meeting on Phonology, 1-12. Washington, DC: Linguistic Society of America.

Brandão de Carvalho, Joaquim, Diana Passino and Tobias Scheer. To appear. Syllable structure and (re)syllabification. In Christopher Gabriel, Randall Gess and Trudel Meisenburg (eds), Manual of Romance phonetics and phonology. Berlin: De Gruyter.

Brandão de Carvalho, Joaquim. 2020. Entre phonologie et lexique : l'alternance schwa/è en français. Le français moderne 1-2.

Brandão de Carvalho, Joaquim. 2018. Je ll’ai vu: perception-driven allomorphic optimization of French l’. Probus 29: 47-66.

Brandão de Carvalho, Joaquim. 2017. Deriving sonority from the structure, not the other way round: a Strict CV approach to consonant clusters. The Linguistic Review 34: 589-614.

Brandão de Carvalho, Joaquim. 2014. C/V interactions in Strict CV. In Sabrina Bendjaballah, Noam Faust, Mohamed Lahrouchi and Nicola Lampitelli (eds), The form of structure, the structure of form: essays in honor of Jean Lowenstamm, 123-138. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.

Faust, Noam and Eitan Grossman. To appear. A short grammar of Suer. In Bedilu Wakjira, Ronny Meyer, Yvonne Treis and Zelealem Leyew (eds), The Oxford Handbook of Ethiopian Languages.

Faust, Noam. To appear. Size, allomorphy and guttural-final stems in Modern Hebrew. In Heather Newell and Shanti Ulfsbjorninn (eds), Phonological solutions to morphological problems. The Linguistic Review.

Faust, Noam. 2019. New reasons to root for the Semitic root from Mehri and Neo-Aramaic. The Linguistic Review 36, 575-599.

Faust, Noam and Shanti Ulfsbjorninn. 2018. Arabic stress in Strict CV, with no moras, no syllables, no feet and no extrametricality. The Linguistic Review 35, 561-600.

Faust, Noam and Guillaume Enguehard. 2018. Guttural ghosts in Modern Hebrew. Linguistic Inquiry 49, 685-721.

Faust, Noam. 2018. Exponence, allomorphy and haplology in the number and State morphology of Modern Hebrew. Glossa 3(1): 1-48. 

Gayraud, Frédérique, Melissa Barkat-Defradas, Mohamed Lahrouchi and Mahé Ben Hamed. 2018. Development of phonetic complexity in 4 languages: Berber, English, French and Tunisian Arabic. Canadian Journal of Linguistics/Revue Canadienne de Linguistique 63: 527-555.

Lahrouchi, Mohamed and Sophie Kern. 2018. From babbling to first words in Tashlhiyt language acquisition: longitudinal two-case studies. Canadian Journal of Linguistics/Revue Canadienne De Linguistique 63: 493-526.

Lahrouchi, Mohamed. 2018. The left edge of the word in the Berber derivational morphology. Glossa 3(1): 1-25.

Lahrouchi, Mohamed and Rachid Ridouane. 2016. On diminutives and plurals in Moroccan Arabic. Morphology 26: 453-475.

Lahrouchi, Mohamed. 2010. On the internal structure of Tashlhiyt Berber triconsonantal roots. Linguistic Inquiry 41: 255-285.

Magri, Giorgio and Benjamin Storme. Accepted. Constraint summation in phonological theory. Journal of Language Modelling.

Magri, Giorgio and Benjamin Storme. 2020. Calibration of the promotion amount does not help with learning variation in stochastic OT. Linguistic Inquiry 51: 97-123.

Magri, Giorgio. 2018. Implicational universals in stochastic constraint-based phonology. In Ellen Riloff, David Chiang, Julia Hockenmaier and Jun’ichi Tsujii (eds), EMNLP 2018: Proceedings of the 2018 Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural Language Processing, 3265-3274. Association for Computational Linguistics.

Magri, Giorgio. 2018. Idempotency, output-drivenness and the faithfulness triangle inequality: some consequences of McCarthy’s (2003) categoricity generalization. Journal of Logic, Language, and Information 27: 1-60. 

Martínez-Paricio, Violeta and Francesc Torres-Tamarit. 2019. Trisyllabic hypocoristics in Spanish and layered feet. Natural Language & Linguistic Theory 37: 659-691.

Russo, Michela and Shanti Ulfsbjorninn. 2020. Initial lenition and strength alternations (v/b) in Neapolitan: a laryngeal branchingness condition. Glossa 5(1): 1–27.

Russo, Michela. 2019. Stress shift, stressed enclitics and Raddoppiamento Sintattico in Southern Italian dialects. In Luciano Romito (ed.), Quaderni del Dipartimento di Linguistica Università della Calabria (30 anni di Laboratorio di Fonetica). Rome: Aracne.

Russo, Michela and Shanti Ulfsbjorninn. 2019. Phonological lenition and the inherent strength of the word-initial position: the view from Southern Italian dialects. Vox Romanica 78: 19-56.

Russo, Michela. 2019. Gli sviluppi palatalizzati e non palatalizzati di gl: il caso di *subgluttiare: nuovi indizi dalla Romania meridionale. L'Italia Dialettale LXXX (Special issue in honor of Max Pfister): 357-379.

Russo, Michela and Shanti Ulfsbjorninn. 2017. Breaking the symmetry of geminates in diachrony and synchrony. Papers in Historical Phonology 2: 164-202.

Russo, Michela. 2014. Metafonia rumena e metafonia italiana a confronto: un'unica catena anaforica armonizzante? Zeitschrift für Balkanologie 50: 46-69.

Shoemaker, Ellenor and Sophie Wauquier. 2019. The emergence of speech segmentation in adult L2 learners of French. Language, Interaction and Acquisition 10: 22-44.

Torres-Tamarit, Francesc and Clàudia Pons-Moll. 2019. Enclitic-induced stress shift in Catalan. Journal of Linguistics 55: 407-444.

Torres-Tamarit, Francesc. 2016. Servigliano revisited: an examination from constrained-based serialism. Journal of Linguistics 52: 689-708.

Torres-Tamarit, Francesc, Kathrin Linke and Marc van Oostendorp (eds). 2016. Approaches to metaphony in the languages of Italy. Berlin and Boston: Walter de Gruyter.

Torres-Tamarit, Francesc and Peter Jurgec. 2015. Lapsed derivations: ternary stress in Harmonic Serialism. Linguistic Inquiry 46: 376–387.

Torres-Tamarit, Francesc. 2015. Length and voicing in Friulian and Milanese: or why rule-free derivations are needed. Natural Language & Linguistic Theory 33: 1351-1386.

Ulfsbjorninn, Shanti and Mohamed Lahrouchi. 2016. The typology of the distribution of Edge: The propensity for bipositionality. Papers in Historical Phonology 1: 109-129.

Vihman, Marilyn and Sophie Wauquier. 2018. Templates in child language. In Maya Hickmann, Edy Veneziano and Harriet Jisa (eds), Sources of variation in first language acquisition: languages, contexts, and learners, 27-44. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.

Wauquier, Sophie. To appear. Substance-free primes: cognitive and acquisitional issues. In Alex Chabot (ed.), Features and phonetic substance: implications for phonological theory. Canadian Journal of Linguistics/Revue Canadienne De Linguistique.

Wauquier, Sophie. 2014. Templates and representations in phonology: from Semitic to child language . In Sabrina Bendjaballah, Noam Faust, Mohamed Lahrouchi and Nicola Lampitell (eds), The Form of Structure, the Structure of Form: essays in honor of Jean Lowenstamm, 219-234. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.

Wauquier, Sophie and Naomi Yamaguchi. 2013. French, description in a templatic approach. In Marilyn Vihman and Tamar Keren-Portnoy (eds), Readings in Phonological development, templatic approaches, cross-linguistic data, 317-343. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.