[LaGraM] Nora Boneh (HUJI)
Datives possessors and dative (bene)ficiaries
Nora Boneh (HUJI)
Dative marked DPs referring to animates are often identified with marking possessors (e.g. Haspelmath 2003, Levin 2008). The paper sets out to explore the sources for the possessive interpretation associated with datives in ditransitive constructions featuring both core and non-core argument in several languages (Hebrew, Arabic, French, Russian and English).
Whereas syntactically there have been shown to be two main underlying structures for ditransitives: one where the dative is c-commanded by the direct object, which is prepositional-like, the other where the dative c-commands the direct object (Larson 1988, Bruening 2010 among many others. See also Pylkkänen 2008 for different height for non-core datives), in this talk it will be demonstrated how both underlying structures make available possessive interpretations (cf. Boneh & Sichel 2010). The syntactic analysis coupled with interpretative considerations pertaining to the lexical semantic properties of the verb and pragmatic factors will allow to shed light on the question why possessors are marked similarly to recipients and bene-/maleficiaries, blurring at times the difference between them (cf. Boneh & Nash 2017).
The outcome of this small scale cross-linguistic exploration will be to refine the role of height of attachment of the dative argument and the nature of the interaction between the dative argument the other lexical material in the VP conspiring to enable possessive interpretation for dative DPs. Consequently, the proposed account will question the independent availability of the category labeled "possessor dative" derived by possessor raising, for some of the languages under consideration (e.g. Landau 1999, cf. Al-Zahre 2003, Deal 2013).
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